My career is focussed on furthering the understanding of what interventions are actually effective in tackling complex psycho-social problems. This requires integrating the best from a wide range of different methodologies (systematic reviews, randomised controlled trials, etc), many of which have not previously been widely applied in the social sciences despite being at the top of the evidence based hierarchy.
My work encompasses a wide variety of different psycho-social problems affecting different population groups, from learning disabled children, through groups at risk of HIV to the demented elderly with sleep problems. Although all of these different populations and problems present unique methodological challenges, there are nonetheless many common elements to developing successful interventions that will then translate into effective policy and practice.
It is the challenge of pulling together these common elements that continues to drive my work. The multi-factorial nature of almost all complex psycho-social problems requires a multidisciplinary approach to their solution. The diversity of the problems that my research group have been working on has been a positive strength, because it has allowed us to develop novel methodological approaches by adapting and combining the best strategies from many different fields.
Recently, I have been on a consulting panel for WHO looking at Guidelines on HIV Disclosure Counselling for children up to 12 years of age- http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2011/9789241502863_eng.pdf
Currently my research interests are:
Methodology in Psycho-Social Interventions
In many important respects, psycho-social interventions are different to medical studies and the methods needed require attention. I have been developing strand of research in this area. Firstly looking at guidelines of reporting of trials - a new project is underway to provide an extension to CONSORT. Secondly, I am looking at the implementation of interventions- that is what participants actually receive in terms of delivery, uptake and context.
Gender Empowerment in Africa
In collaboration with colleagues at Green Templeton College and the Said Business School I have conducted a pilot study of a sanitary pad and menstruation education intervention in Ghana. This indicated that these interventions can recover around 9% of school days for girls and we are now launching a larger study in Uganda funded by ESRC/DFID.
Sleep problems in Older Adults
Following a connection with the University of Oxford Department of the Psychiatry of Old Age, I published a series of Cochrane Systematic Reviews to consider the efficacy of various non-pharmacological sleep treatments with an older adult population. A summary paper of this work has come out in Sleep Medicine Reviews. Some preparatory work using actigraphy to assess treatment efficacy of psychological interventions for sleep problems in this population has also been done.
Nutrition in Sleep and Psychiatric/Neurodevelopmental Disorders
I have completed a large RCT of DHA for Reading in health Oxfordshire 7-9 year olds- the DOLAB trial. This follows the well-known Oxford-Durham Trial which showed the benefits of fatty acids for reading and behaviour in children with developmental coordination disorder. Previously I have published a systematic review of essential fatty acids in bipolar disorder with Dr Alex Richardson, and have worked on a RCT of Chromium as an adjunct treatment in schizophrenia with Prof Phil Cowen.
Paul Montgomery would be willing to consider applications for doctoral students in these three areas of research:
· Methodological Issues Related to Complex Social Interventions
· Nutritional Approaches to Behaviour, Learning and Mood
· Brief Psycho-Social Interventions for Mental Health Problems (in particular sleep problems)
This page was last updated on 01/09/2012 at 09:35